Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and what they mean when they occur to help figure out the reason behind them. Your doctor will also conduct physical exams, including tests for your hearing and balance.
Problems with the inner ear can trigger vertigo peripheral. It usually occurs due to head movements, and can last only for a few minutes.
Particles that move in a repositioning motion
The Epley maneuver is a series of head movements that can relieve BPPV symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate out of your Utricle into your semicircular channels and into the semicircular channels, where they belong. The rogue calcium carbonate crystals can then dissolve or be absorbed by your body.
The Epley procedure can be done at home. However, it is recommended to have a medical professional guide you through the procedure. Incorrectly performed techniques can make your dizziness worse.
Another treatment for BPPV is a technique called canalith repositioning processes (CRP). The particles that cause vertigo are shifted from the semicircular canals filled with fluid within your inner the ear to a location that doesn’t cause dizziness. After a few sessions the procedure is typically effective. It’s also possible to have a surgical procedure that requires inserting a bone plug into your inner ear. This procedure is only available when other treatments are unsuccessful.
Home balance exercises
Many balance exercises at home can help to improve vertigo symptoms such as instability or dizziness. They could include marching in the same place eye movement control, other maneuvers. Your healthcare provider will tailor these exercises to meet your specific needs. The medication may also be prescribed to ease nausea or motion sickness.
If your vertigo is caused by BPPV You can perform the Epley maneuver at home to help reposition calcium crystals in the semicircular canals. This could reduce or even eliminate vertigo-related attacks. The maneuver involves reclining on the bed and turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for example, to the left). After 30 seconds, you must sit up on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions such as heart disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases treating the root cause typically eliminates vertigo. For other reasons, treatment for the symptom could help such as medications to calm nausea or anxiety.
If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal vertigo due to position (BPPV) You can typically get rid of it by performing a few simple moves. These involve a rapid head shifting. The method is known as canalith repositioning, also known as Epley maneuvers. You can learn how to do it yourself or have your doctor show you. The otoconial aggregates are moved from the semicircular space into the utricular area which is where they will no longer cause positioning vertigo.
Other treatments may be needed dependent on the underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. If you suffer from a condition in your ear that triggers BPPV your doctor could prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms. They may also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
It’s important to take precautions in case you suffer from vertigo and other vertigo-related issues, like removing tripping hazards in your home. You should sit or lie down when you feel symptoms appear and avoid reading or work until they are gone.
Treatment with surgery
BPPV is the most frequent cause of vertigo. It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) which are normally located in the utricle of your inner ear, break loose and land in one of the semicircular cannulae. The cause of dizziness is the movements of your head or an alteration in the position of your body. Canalith methods for repositioning such as the Epley maneuver, can help you shift crystals back into your Utricle. These are specific head movements that your doctor can perform in their office, or show you how to do them at home.
Your doctor may suggest other tests to determine the root of vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be used to study the structure of your ears and head. Medications may be prescribed to ease nausea and vomiting.