Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms, as well as the times they occur. This will help determine what is causing them. Your doctor will also perform a physical exam, including tests for your hearing and balance.
Peripheral vertigo can be caused by problems with the inner ear. This is usually triggered by head movement, and lasts just some minutes.
Particle moves to reposition themselves
If you suffer from BPPV A series of head movements, known as the Epley maneuver may help relieve your symptoms. The movements help relocate the calcium carbonate crystals in your utricle back into your semicircular canals, where they belong. The calcium carbonate crystals that have escaped can then dissolve or be absorbed back into your body.
The Epley procedure can be done at home. However, it is best to have a doctor show you how. If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it can increase your dizziness.
CRP is another treatment for BPPV. The particles that cause vertigo get moved from the semicircular canals that are filled with fluid within your inner ear, to a part that doesn’t cause dizziness. The procedure is usually effective after just one or two treatments. It is also possible to undergo surgery that involves inserting a bone plug into your inner ear. This procedure is only available when other treatments are unsuccessful.
Home balance exercises
A variety of balance exercises at home can help improve vertigo symptoms, such as dizziness and instability. These could include walking in place, eye movement control and other movements. Your doctor will customise the exercises to meet your needs. Medicines can also be prescribed to treat motion sickness.
If your vertigo is caused by BPPV You can perform the Epley maneuver at home to assist in repositioning calcium crystals in the semicircular canals. This can reduce or eliminate vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves lying on your back and bending your head 90degrees to one side, for example to the left. After 30 seconds you should stand up on the other side of the table.
Several conditions can cause vertigo, including heart disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these instances the treatment of the underlying condition usually cures vertigo. If there are other causes, therapy for the symptom may help, such as medication to ease anxiety or nausea.
It is possible to eliminate dizziness caused by benign vertigo with a few quick movements. These involve a rapid repositioning your head. The technique is referred to as canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You can learn how to do it yourself or have your doctor show you. The procedures move the otoconial agglomerate from the semicircular canal into the Utricular space, so that it will no longer cause vertigo when it is in a position.
Other treatments might be needed, depending on the underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. If you have a problem in your ear which causes BPPV your doctor might prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms. They may also suggest counseling or physical therapy.
It’s essential to take safety measures for vertigo sufferers and other vertigo-related issues, like eliminating tripping hazards around your home. You should sit or lie down when symptoms occur and avoid reading or work until the symptoms go away.
Treatment with surgery
BPPV is the most frequent cause of vertigo. It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths), which are normally located in the utricle of your inner ear, become dislodged and land in the semicircular cannulae. The movement of your head or changes in the position of your body could trigger the dizziness. Canalith movements to reposition, such as the Epley maneuver, can help to shift crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements that your healthcare provider can perform in their office or show you how to do these at home.
Your doctor may also recommend tests to identify the root of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The head’s structure and ears can be assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You could be prescribed medication to decrease nausea and vomiting.