Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms, as well as the times they occur. This will help determine what’s causing them. They’ll also do a physical examination, including tests to assess your hearing and balance.
Problems with the inner ear can lead to vertigo in the peripheral region. It can be caused by head movements and generally lasts only several minutes.
Particles repositioning movements
The Epley maneuver is a sequence of head movements that can relieve BPPV symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate out of the utricle into your semicircular canals which is where they belong. The rogue crystals may then dissolve or be reabsorbed into your body.
You can perform the Epley maneuver at home, but it is recommended that an audiologist or doctor show you how to do it. A wrong method can cause your dizziness.
Another treatment for BPPV is a method known as canalith-repositioning procedures (CRP). It involves moving the particles that cause your vertigo away from the fluid-filled semicircular canals of your inner ear to a part of your ear that does not cause dizziness. The procedure is typically successful after a couple of treatments. It’s also possible to have a surgical procedure that involves inserting a bone-filled plug into your ear’s ear canal. This procedure is typically utilized when other options don’t work.
Home balance exercises
Different balance exercises at home can help improve vertigo symptoms like dizziness and instability. They could include marching in the same place, eye movement control and other techniques. Your doctor will customize these exercises to meet your specific needs. The medication may also be prescribed to relieve nausea or motion sickness.
If your vertigo is caused by BPPV You can perform the Epley maneuver at home to help reposition calcium crystals inside the semicircular canals. This can help reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The method involves lying on your back and turning your head 90° to one side, such as to the left. After 30 seconds, you need to stand up on the other side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by many conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating underlying conditions usually cures vertigo. For other causes, therapy for the symptom may help with medication to reduce anxiety or nausea.
Most often, you can eliminate dizziness caused by benign positional vertigo using a few movements. They involve quick repositioning your head. This technique is referred to as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You are able to learn how to do it yourself or have a doctor demonstrate. The maneuvers move otoconial agglomerates from the semicircular space to the utricular area and they are able to no longer cause vertigo in the position of a person.
Other treatments may be needed, depending on the underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. If you have a condition in your ear that triggers BPPV your doctor could prescribe medication to alleviate the symptoms. They may also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
If you suffer from vertigo it is important to take the appropriate precautions. For instance, you should remove any hazards that could cause tripping around your home. You should sit or lie down whenever symptoms arise and avoid reading or work until they disappear.
Treatment with surgery
The most common cause of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This is when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are pushed out of the utricle of your inner ear and into one of the semicircular canals which is where they shouldn’t be. The movements of your head or changes in your body’s posture can trigger the dizziness. Canalith repositioning techniques, such as the Epley maneuver can help shift crystals back into your Utricle. These are specific head movements that your doctor can do in their office, or show you how to do at home.
Your doctor may recommend other tests to pinpoint the source of vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be used to examine the structure of your ears and head. Medicines can be prescribed to help reduce nausea and vomiting.