Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, and when they manifest. This helps to determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also perform physical exams, including tests for your hearing and balance.
Issues with the inner ear can lead to vertigo in the peripheral region. It usually occurs due to head movements, and can last only for a few minutes.
Particle repositioning movements
If you suffer from BPPV A series of head movements called the Epley maneuver can ease the symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate crystals in your utricle back into your semicircular canals where they belong. The crystals that have escaped may disintegrate or be absorbed by your body.
You can practice the Epley maneuver at home, however, it is essential to have an audiologist or doctor demonstrate to you how to do it. If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it can make your dizziness worse.
CRP is an alternative treatment for BPPV. It involves the removal of the particles that cause your vertigo out of the semicircular canals filled with fluid of your inner ear to an area of your ear that does not cause dizziness. After a few treatments it is generally effective. You may also undergo surgery in which a bone plug is placed inside your ear. This procedure is only available when other treatments fail.
Home balance exercises
Many balance exercises at home can aid in improving vertigo symptoms like instability or dizziness. These exercises may include eye movement control, walking in a straight line, and other movements. Your healthcare provider will customize the exercises to suit your particular requirements. Medication may also be prescribed to relieve nausea or motion sickness.
If your vertigo is due to BPPV, you can do the Epley maneuver at home to assist in repositioning the calcium crystals in the semicircular canals. This can reduce or the frequency of vertigo attacks. The technique involves lying on your back and bending your head 90° to one side, for instance to the left. After 30 seconds you should sit up on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by many conditions that cause vertigo, including heart disease multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases treating the underlying cause typically cures vertigo. Other causes could be treated through a treatment that targets the symptom, like medications for anxiety or nausea.
If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal vertigo due to position (BPPV) You can generally eliminate it by performing a few simple maneuvers. These involve a rapid repositioning your head. The technique is referred to as canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You are able to learn how to do it on your own or have your doctor demonstrate it to you. The procedure moves otoconial agglomerates from the semicircular space into the utricular space and they are able to no longer cause vertigo in the position of a person.
Other treatments may be needed in the case of an underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. For example, if you suffer from an ear condition that causes BPPV, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relieve your symptoms. They might also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
It is important to take preventive measures for vertigo sufferers like taking care to eliminate tripping hazards from your home. You should lie or sit down when symptoms occur and not try to read or work until the symptoms go away.
The surgical treatment
BPPV is the most frequent cause of vertigo. This happens when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are sucked out of the utricle within the ear’s inner part and move into one of the semicircular canals in a place where they aren’t. The movement of your head or changes in your body’s position could trigger the dizziness. Canalith movements to reposition, such as the Epley maneuver, can help to shift the crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements which your healthcare professional may perform in their office or teach you how to do them at home.
Your doctor could also suggest tests to help determine the cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The head’s structure and ears can be assessed by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You may be prescribed a medication to lessen nausea and vomiting.