Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and what they mean when they happen to help find out the reason behind them. They’ll also do a physical examination, including tests to determine your hearing and balance.
Issues with the inner ear can lead to vertigo in the peripheral region. It usually occurs due to head movements and lasts for only some minutes.
Particle moves to reposition themselves
If you suffer from BPPV In the event that you suffer from BPPV, a sequence of head movements known as the Epley maneuver can help relieve the symptoms. The movements aid in moving calcium carbonate crystals in your utricle back into your semicircular canals where they belong. The crystals that are rogue may dissolve or be absorbed into your body.
You can practice the Epley maneuver at home, however it is crucial to have a doctor or audiologist show you how. If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it can make your dizziness worse.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a procedure called canalith repositioning processes (CRP). The particles that cause vertigo get moved from the semicircular canals, which are filled with fluid in your inner the ear to a location which does not cause dizziness. After a few treatments the procedure is generally effective. You may also undergo surgery in which a bone plug is placed in your inner ear. This procedure is only performed when other treatments do not work.
Home balance exercises
A variety of balance exercises at home can help improve vertigo symptoms such as dizziness and instability. They may include marching in the same place and eye movement control as well as other maneuvers. Your doctor will customize these exercises to meet your specific requirements. You may also be given medication to relieve motion sickness or nausea.
If your vertigo is due to BPPV, you can do the Epley maneuver at home to aid in repositioning the calcium crystals within the semicircular canals. This may reduce or eliminate vertigo attacks. The technique involves reclining on the bed and turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for example to the left). After 30 seconds you should sit up on the opposite side of the table.
Several conditions can cause vertigo that cause vertigo, including heart disease multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these instances, treating underlying conditions usually cures vertigo. For other causes, therapy for the symptom might help such as medications to calm nausea or anxiety.
Most often, you can eliminate dizziness caused by benign positional vertigo using a few movements. They involve rapid repositioning of your head. This is referred to as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You are able to learn how to do it yourself or have a doctor demonstrate. The maneuvers move the otoconial agglomerate out of the semicircular canal into the utricular space, from where it no longer can cause vertigo due to positioning.
Other treatments may be needed depending on the root issue that is causing your symptoms. If you have a condition in your ear that leads to BPPV your doctor could prescribe medication to alleviate the symptoms. They may also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
It’s important to take precautions for vertigo sufferers like taking care to eliminate tripping hazards from your home. You should sit or lie down when symptoms occur and not try to read or work until the symptoms go away.
Treatment with surgery
The most commonly cited vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This happens when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are released from the utricle of your ear’s inner canal and enter one of the semicircular canals, where they don’t belong. The cause of dizziness is the movement of your head, or an alteration in the position of your body. Canalith techniques for repositioning, such as the Epley maneuver, can help to shift crystals back into your utricle. These are specific head moves that your healthcare professional can do in their office or teach you how to do it at home.
Your doctor may also suggest tests to identify the root cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to examine the structure of your ear and head. You may be prescribed medication to decrease nausea and vomiting.