Your doctor will ask questions regarding your symptoms, as well as when they occur. This helps determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also perform physical exams, including tests for your hearing and balance.
Infections of the inner ear can trigger peripheral vertigo. It can be triggered by head movements, and typically lasts just several minutes.
Particle repositioning movement
The Epley maneuver is a sequence of head movements that can ease BPPV symptoms. The movements help relocate the calcium carbonate crystals from your utricle back into your semicircular canals where they belong. The rogue calcium carbonate crystals are then able to dissolve or be absorbed back into your body.
You can try the Epley maneuver at home, although it is crucial to have an audiologist or doctor show you how. The wrong technique can worsen your dizziness.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a procedure known as canalith repositioning techniques (CRP). It involves moving the particles that cause your vertigo from the semicircular canals that are filled with fluid in your inner ear to an area of your ear that doesn’t trigger dizziness. The procedure is usually effective after just one or two treatments. You may also undergo a surgical procedure where a bone-filled plug is implanted in your ear’s inner. This procedure is typically employed when other treatments don’t work.
Home balance exercises
Various home balance exercises can help to improve vertigo symptoms such as instability or dizziness. They can include marching into place or focusing on eye movements, among other maneuvers. Your doctor will tailor the exercises to meet your needs. You could also be prescribed medication to relieve motion sickness or nausea.
You can try the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals in the semicircular canals if you suspect that your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This could reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The technique involves reclining on the bed and turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for example, to the left). After 30 seconds, you must get up on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions that cause vertigo, including heart disease diabetes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases the treatment of the underlying condition usually cures vertigo. If there are other causes, therapy for the symptom might help, such as medication to calm nausea or anxiety.
The majority of dizziness can be eliminated caused by benign vertigo by making a few simple movements. These involve rapid head shifting. This technique is referred as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You can learn how to do it yourself or have your doctor show you. The maneuvers move otoconial agglomerates from the semicircular space to the utricular zone which is where they will no longer cause vertigo when positioned.
Other treatments might be needed depending on the root issue that is the cause of your symptoms. If you have a condition in your ear that triggers BPPV your doctor might prescribe medication to alleviate the symptoms. They may also recommend counseling or physical therapy.
It’s essential to take safety measures for vertigo sufferers, such as eliminating tripping hazards around your home. It is recommended to lie down when symptoms occur and avoid reading or work until the symptoms go away.
The most common vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). It is caused by small calcium particles (canaliths) that are usually found in the utricle in your inner ear, become dislodged and end up in one of the semicircular cannulae. The movement of your head or changes in your body’s posture can trigger the dizziness. Canalith repositioning techniques, like the Epley maneuver, can help you shift crystals back into your Utricle. These are specific head movements that your healthcare provider can perform in their office, or show you how to do at home.
Your doctor may recommend additional tests to pinpoint the source of vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used to analyze the structure of your head and ears. Medications may be prescribed to help reduce nausea and vomiting.