Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, as well as when they occur. This helps determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also perform a physical exam, including tests for your hearing and balance.
Peripheral vertigo can be caused by issues with the inner ear. It usually occurs due to head movement and lasts only some minutes.
Particles repositioning movements
If you have BPPV A series of head movements known as the Epley maneuver can ease the symptoms. The movements help relocate the calcium carbonate crystals in your utricle back into your semicircular canals where they belong. The rogue crystals may then disintegrate or be absorbed by your body.
You can do the Epley maneuver at home, although it is essential to have an audiologist or doctor show you how to do it. Incorrectly performed techniques can cause you to be more dizzy.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a method known as canalith-repositioning procedures (CRP). It involves the removal of the particles that cause your vertigo out of the fluid-filled semicircular canals of your ear’s inner canal to an area of your ear that does not cause dizziness. The procedure usually works after just one or two treatments. It is also possible to undergo surgery that involves inserting a bone-filled plug into the ear’s inner part. This option is usually only employed when other treatments aren’t working.
Home balance exercises
Diverse balance exercises at home can aid in improving vertigo symptoms such as dizziness and instability. These could include walking in place or focusing on eye movements, among other maneuvers. Your healthcare provider will tailor these exercises according to your individual requirements. You might also be prescribed medication to treat motion sickness or nausea.
You can do the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals within the semicircular canals if you suspect that your vertigo is due to BPPV. This could reduce or the frequency of vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves lying on your back and turning your head 90degrees to one side, for example to the left. After 30 seconds, it is time to get up on the other side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions and vertigo can be caused by heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating underlying conditions generally eliminates vertigo. For other reasons, treatment for the symptom may help, such as medication to reduce anxiety or nausea.
If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal vertigo caused by position (BPPV), you can typically eliminate it with a couple of simple moves. These involve a rapid repositioning your head. This technique is referred to as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You can either learn to do it yourself or have a doctor demonstrate it to you. The procedure moves otoconial agglomerates from the semicircular area into the utricular zone and they are able to no longer cause vertigo when positioned.
Other treatments may be needed in the case of an underlying issue that’s causing your symptoms. For example, if you have an ear issue that triggers BPPV, your doctor might prescribe a medication that relieves your symptoms. They might also recommend physical therapy or counseling.
If you suffer from vertigo it is important to take the necessary precautions. For example, remove any tripping hazards in your home. When symptoms start to appear you should lay down or sit down and not read or work until the symptoms are gone.
The most commonly cited cause of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). It occurs when small calcium particles (canaliths) that are normally found in the utricle of your inner ear, become dislodged and end up in the semicircular cannulae. The cause of dizziness is the movements of your head or changes in the position of your body. Canalith Repositioning techniques, such as the Epley maneuver, aid in shifting the crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements that your doctor may perform in their office, or instruct you on how to perform them at home.
Your doctor might also suggest tests to determine the root cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used to analyze the structure of your head and ear. Medications may be prescribed to treat nausea and vomiting.