Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, including when they occur. This will help to determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also conduct physical exams, including tests for your hearing and balance.
The inner ear is a vulnerable area and can cause vertigo in the peripheral region. It usually occurs due to head movement, and lasts just a few moments.
Particles repositioning movements
The Epley maneuver is a sequence of head movements that can ease BPPV symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate out of your utricle into your semicircular channels, where they belong. The calcium carbonate crystals that have escaped may then dissolve or be absorbed into your body.
The Epley maneuver can be performed at home. However, it’s recommended to have a medical professional show you how. A wrong method can cause your dizziness.
CRP is another treatment for BPPV. It involves moving the particles that cause your vertigo out of the semicircular canals containing fluids in your ear’s inner canal to an area of your ear that does not cause dizziness. After a few treatments, the procedure is usually effective. It is also possible to have a surgical procedure in which a bone plug is placed in your inner ear. This procedure is typically used if other treatments do not work.
Home balance exercises
Different balance exercises at home can help improve vertigo symptoms, such as dizziness and instability. These exercises can involve eye movement control, marching in place and other maneuvers. Your healthcare provider will customize the exercises to suit your particular requirements. The medication may also be prescribed to ease nausea or motion sickness.
You can do the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals within the semicircular canals, if your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This may reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The procedure involves reclining the bed and then turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for instance to the left). After 30 seconds, get up on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions that cause vertigo, including heart disease multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating the underlying condition usually eliminates vertigo. For other causes, treatment for the symptom could help by using medication to calm nausea or anxiety.
It is possible to eliminate dizziness caused by benign vertigo using a few movements. These involve quick head shifting. This technique is referred to as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You can learn how to do it yourself, or have your doctor demonstrate. The techniques move the otoconial agglomerate from the semicircular canal into the utricular area, where it no longer can cause vertigo due to positioning.
Other treatments could be necessary, depending on the underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. For example, if you have an ear issue that triggers BPPV, your doctor might prescribe a medicine to ease your symptoms. They might also recommend counseling or physical therapy.
If you are suffering from vertigo, it is important to take the appropriate precautions. For example, remove any tripping hazards in your home. You should lie or sit down if you experience symptoms and should not attempt to read or work until the symptoms go away.
The most frequent vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This happens when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are released from the utricle inside your ear’s inner canal and enter one of the semicircular canals which is not where they belong. Dizziness can be caused by the movements of your head or a change in the body’s position. Canalith repositioning techniques, like the Epley maneuver, can help to shift crystals back into your Utricle. These are specific head moves that your healthcare professional can perform in their office, or show you how to do it at home.
Your doctor may recommend additional tests to identify the cause of vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The structure of the head and ears can be examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You may be prescribed medication to help reduce nausea and vomiting.