Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and what they mean when they happen to help find out what’s causing them. They’ll also conduct an examination of your body, including tests to test your hearing and balance.
Problems with the inner ear can trigger peripheral vertigo. This can be triggered by head movements and generally lasts just a few minutes.
Particles Repositioning Movement
If you have BPPV, a series of head movements called the Epley maneuver can help relieve your symptoms. The movements aid in moving calcium carbonate crystals that are in your utricle back into your semicircular channels, where they belong. The rogue crystals could dissolve or be absorbed into your body.
The Epley maneuver is a simple procedure that can be completed at home. However, it is recommended that a physician explain the procedure. A wrong technique could cause your dizziness to get worse.
Another option for treating BPPV is a procedure called canalith repositioning procedures (CRP). It involves moving the particles responsible for your vertigo away from the fluid-filled semicircular canals of your inner ear to a part of your ear that doesn’t trigger dizziness. After a few sessions it is generally efficient. It’s also possible to have an operation that involves the placement of a bone plug inside your ear’s ear canal. This procedure is typically utilized when other options don’t work.
Home balance exercises
A variety of balance exercises at home can aid in improving vertigo symptoms like dizziness and instability. They may include marching in place or focusing on eye movements, among other exercises. Your doctor will tailor these exercises to meet your needs. You might also be prescribed medication to treat motion sickness or nausea.
If your vertigo is caused by BPPV it is possible to perform the Epley maneuver at home to help reposition the calcium crystals in the semicircular canals. This can reduce or even the frequency of vertigo attacks. The technique involves lying on your back and turning your head 90degrees to one side, for example to the left. After 30 seconds, you must get up on the opposite side of the table.
Several conditions can cause vertigo and vertigo can be caused by heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating underlying conditions generally eliminates vertigo. If there are other causes, therapy to treat the symptoms may be helpful by using medication to ease anxiety or nausea.
If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), you can typically eliminate it with a few quick maneuvers. These involve a rapid head shifting. The method is known as canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You can either learn how to perform it yourself or have a doctor demonstrate it to you. The procedures move the otoconial agglomerate out of the semicircular canal into utricular area, where it no longer can cause vertigo when it is in a position.
Other treatments may be needed dependent on the underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. For instance, if suffer from an ear condition that results in BPPV your doctor could prescribe a medication to alleviate your symptoms. They might also recommend physical therapy or counseling.
If you are suffering from vertigo, it is crucial to take the appropriate precautions. For instance, you should remove any tripping hazards in your home. If symptoms begin to manifest you should lay down or sit down and not work until the symptoms subside.
Treatment with surgery
BPPV is the most frequent cause of vertigo. This happens when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are pushed out of the utricle inside your ear’s inner canal and enter one of the semicircular canals in a place where they aren’t. Dizziness can be caused by the shift of your head or an alteration in your body posture. Canalith movements to reposition, such as the Epley maneuver, can help to shift crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements that your healthcare provider may perform in their office, or teach you how to perform these at home.
Your doctor may also suggest tests to help identify the root of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be used to examine the structure of your head and ears. Medications may be prescribed to ease nausea and vomiting.