Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms as well as when they occur, they will help you figure out the reason behind them. They’ll also conduct physical examinations, including tests to determine your hearing and balance.
Issues with the inner ear can cause vertigo that is peripheral. It can be caused by head movements and typically lasts just a few minutes.
Particle moving to reposition itself
If you have BPPV, a series of head movements known as the Epley maneuver can help relieve your symptoms. The movements help move calcium carbonate out of your utricle into your semicircular canals, where they belong. The crystals that are rogue may disintegrate or be absorbed by your body.
The Epley procedure can be done at home. However, it’s recommended that a physician show you how. If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it can increase your dizziness.
Another treatment for BPPV is a method known as canalith-repositioning procedures (CRP). It involves the removal of the particles that cause your vertigo from the semicircular canals containing fluids in your inner ear to a different part of your ear that does not trigger dizziness. After a couple of treatments, the procedure is usually successful. You may also undergo surgical procedures where a bone plug is placed inside your ear. This procedure is typically employed when other treatments do not work.
Home balance exercises
Different exercises for balance at home can help to improve vertigo symptoms such as dizziness or instability. They may include marching in place and eye movement control as well as other maneuvers. Your healthcare professional will tailor these exercises to meet your specific requirements. You might also be prescribed medication to treat nausea or motion sickness.
You can try the Epley maneuver to assist in repositioning calcium crystals within the semicircular canals if your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This can help reduce or the frequency of vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves lying on your back and bending your head 90° to one side, for example to the left. After 30 seconds, you must get up on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions such as heart disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these instances treating the underlying cause generally eliminates vertigo. For other causes, treatment to treat the symptoms may be helpful, such as medication to ease anxiety or nausea.
It is possible to eliminate dizziness caused by benign positional vertigo by making a few simple movements. These involve rapid repositioning of your head. The technique is called canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You can learn how to do it on your own or have your doctor demonstrate. The maneuvers are designed to move otoconial agglomerates out of the semicircular space and into the utricular area which is where they cannot longer cause vertigo when positioned.
Other treatments might be needed in the case of an underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. If you suffer from a condition in your ear that causes BPPV your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms. They may also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
It is important to take preventive measures if you suffer from vertigo like taking care to eliminate tripping hazards from your home. It is recommended to lie down if you experience symptoms and refrain from reading or work until they go away.
The most frequent vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV). This occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) get dislodged from the utricle of your ear’s inner canal and enter one of the semicircular canals which is not where they belong. Dizziness can be caused by the movements of your head or changes in your body position. Canalith methods for repositioning such as the Epley maneuver, can assist in shifting crystals back into your utricle. These are specific head movements that your healthcare provider may perform in their office or instruct you on how to do these at home.
Your doctor may recommend additional tests to determine the root of vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be used to determine the structure of your ear and head. You may be prescribed medication to reduce nausea and vomiting.