Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms, and the time they occur. This will help to determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also conduct a physical exam, including tests for balance and hearing.
Peripheral vertigo occurs due to problems with the inner ear. It usually occurs due to head movement and lasts only some minutes.
Particle repositioning movements
If you suffer from BPPV, a series of head movements called the Epley maneuver may help relieve the symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate from the utricle to your semicircular channels which is where they belong. The calcium carbonate crystals rogue are then able to dissolve or be absorbed back into your body.
You can try the Epley maneuver at home, however it is recommended that a doctor or audiologist show you how. A wrong method can cause your dizziness.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a technique called canalith repositioning techniques (CRP). The particles that cause vertigo get moved from the semicircular canals that are filled with fluid from your inner ear, to a part that does not trigger dizziness. The procedure is usually successful after one or two treatments. You can also have an operation where a bone plug is put in your inner ear. This option is usually only used when other methods don’t work.
Home balance exercises
Diverse balance exercises at home can aid in improving vertigo symptoms such as dizziness and instability. They could include marching in the same place, eye movement control and other movements. Your doctor will tailor these exercises to meet your needs. You might also be prescribed medication to treat nausea or motion sickness.
You can do the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals in the semicircular canals in case your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This could reduce or even the frequency of vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves reclining on the bed and then turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for example, to the left). After 30 seconds, you must be seated on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a variety of conditions, including diabetes and heart disease. In these instances treating the underlying cause usually eliminates vertigo. For other causes, therapy for the symptom may help by using medication to calm nausea or anxiety.
If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal vertigo caused by position (BPPV) it is possible to generally eliminate it with just a few maneuvers. These involve rapid repositioning of your head. This technique is known as canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You can learn how to perform it yourself or have a doctor demonstrate it to you. The maneuvers move the otoconial aggregate from the semicircular canal to the utricular space, from where it will no longer cause vertigo due to positioning.
Other treatments could be necessary depending on the root issue that’s causing the symptoms. For instance, if suffer from an ear condition that is causing BPPV Your doctor might prescribe a medication to relieve your symptoms. They may also suggest counseling or physical therapy.
It’s important to take precautions if you suffer from vertigo by removing tripping hazards in your home. When symptoms appear you should lie down or sit down and not work until the symptoms subside.
The most commonly cited vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV). It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths), which are typically found in the utricle in your inner ear, get dislodged and land in one of the semicircular cannulae. The movement of your head or changes in your body’s position could trigger the dizziness. Canalith movements to reposition, such as the Epley maneuver, assist in shifting crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements that your healthcare provider can perform in their office, or show you how to do it at home.
Your doctor may also recommend tests to help identify the root cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a method to study the structure of your head and ear. Medications may be prescribed to ease nausea and vomiting.