Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and what they mean when they occur, help figure out what’s causing them. Your doctor will also conduct physical exams, including tests for balance and hearing.
The inner ear is a vulnerable area and can lead to vertigo that is peripheral. It can be caused by head movements and typically lasts just several minutes.
Particle repositioning movements
The Epley maneuver is a series of head movements that can relieve BPPV symptoms. The movements help move the calcium carbonate from your Utricle into your semicircular channels where they belong. The crystals that have escaped may disintegrate or be absorbed by your body.
You can practice the Epley maneuver at home, although it is recommended that an audiologist or doctor show you how. Incorrect technique can increase your dizziness.
Another method of treating BPPV is a technique called canalith repositioning procedures (CRP). It involves moving the particles responsible for your vertigo out of the fluid-filled semicircular canals of your ear’s inner canal to an area of your ear that does not cause dizziness. The procedure is usually effective after a few treatments. There is also surgical procedures in which a bone plug is implanted in your ear’s inner. This procedure is only utilized when other treatments fail.
Home balance exercises
A variety of exercises at home for balance can aid in improving vertigo symptoms, including dizziness or instability. These exercises can include eye movement control, marching in place, and other techniques. Your healthcare professional will customize the exercises to suit your particular requirements. You might also be prescribed medication to relieve nausea or motion sickness.
You can do the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals inside the semicircular canals in case your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This may reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The technique involves lying on your back and turning your head 90° to one side, such as to the left. After 30 seconds, it is time to get up on the other side of the table.
Vertigo can be caused by a number of ailments, such as diabetes and heart disease. In these instances treating the root cause generally eliminates vertigo. If there are other causes, therapy for the symptom may help, such as medication to calm nausea or anxiety.
If your dizziness is due to benign paroxysmal vertigo due to position (BPPV) it is possible to typically eliminate it with just a few moves. These involve rapid head repositioning. This technique is known as canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You can learn to do it on your own or have your doctor demonstrate it to you. The maneuvers move the otoconial agglomerate away from the semicircular canal and into the utricular area, where it no longer can cause vertigo when it is in a position.
Other treatments may be needed in the case of an underlying issue that is causing your symptoms. If you suffer from a condition in your ear that triggers BPPV your doctor might prescribe medication to ease the symptoms. They may also suggest physical therapy or counseling.
If you are suffering from vertigo, it is important to take the appropriate precautions. For instance, you must remove any hazards that could cause tripping around your home. If symptoms begin to manifest it is recommended to lie down or sit down and not work until the symptoms go away.
BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths), which are normally found in the utricle of the inner ear, become dislodged and land in one of the semicircular cannulae. The movements of your head or changes in your body’s posture can trigger the dizziness. Canalith movements to reposition, such as the Epley maneuver, assist in shifting crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements which your healthcare provider may perform in their office, or show you how to perform them at home.
Your doctor may also recommend tests to help determine the cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The structure of the head and ears can be examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You may be prescribed medication to decrease nausea and vomiting.