Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms as well as when they occur, help figure out the reason behind them. Your doctor will also perform an examination of your body, which includes tests for your hearing and balance.
Peripheral vertigo is triggered by problems with the ear’s inner. It is usually caused by head movements, and can last only for a few minutes.
Particle repositioning movements
If you have BPPV, a series of head movements, known as the Epley maneuver may help relieve the symptoms. The movements assist in moving the calcium carbonate crystals out of your utricle back into your semicircular channels, where they belong. The calcium carbonate crystals that have escaped can then dissolve or be reabsorbed back into your body.
The Epley maneuver can be done at home. However, it’s best to consult a doctor show you how. If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it can make your dizziness worse.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a procedure known as canalith repositioning procedures (CRP). The particles that cause vertigo get moved out of the semicircular canals stuffed with fluid inside your ear, and then to a region which does not cause dizziness. The procedure is usually effective after a couple of treatments. You may also undergo surgery where a bone-filled plug is placed in your inner ear. This option is usually only utilized when other options aren’t effective.
Home balance exercises
Various home balance exercises can help to improve vertigo symptoms, such as instability or dizziness. They may include marching in place eye movement control, other exercises. Your healthcare professional will tailor these exercises to your specific requirements. You may also be given medications to help with nausea or motion sickness.
If your vertigo is due to BPPV, you can do the Epley maneuver at home to help reposition calcium crystals inside the semicircular canals. This can reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves reclining on the bed and then turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for instance to the left). After 30 seconds, you must get up on the opposite side of the table.
Several conditions can cause vertigo such as heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases treatment of the underlying issue usually eliminates vertigo. Other causes can be addressed by a treatment aimed at the symptom, like medication for nausea or anxiety.
If your dizziness is due to benign paroxysmal vertigo in the position of your head (BPPV) it is possible to typically get rid of it by performing a few simple moves. These involve a rapid head repositioning. This technique is known as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You can either learn to do it on your own or have a medical professional show you. The procedure moves otoconial agglomerates from the semicircular space into the utricular region, where they can no longer cause vertigo due to positioning.
Other treatments may be needed, depending on the underlying issue that is the cause of your symptoms. If you suffer from a condition in your ear that causes BPPV your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms. They may also recommend counseling or physical therapy.
It’s important to take precautions when you are suffering from vertigo by removing tripping hazards in your home. When symptoms appear you should lay down or sit down and not work until the symptoms subside.
The surgical treatment
The most commonly cited cause of vertigo is benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV). It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths), which are normally located in the utricle in your inner ear, are sucked out and land in one of the semicircular cannulae. Dizziness can be caused by the movements of your head or an alteration in the position of your body. Canalith repositioning maneuvers, like the Epley maneuver, assist in shifting the crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements which your doctor may perform in their office or instruct you on how to perform them at home.
Your doctor may also suggest tests to determine the root of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to analyze the structure of your ear and head. Medications may be prescribed to treat nausea and vomiting.