Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms, and the time they occur. This helps identify the cause of the symptoms. They’ll also conduct a physical examination, including tests to check your hearing and balance.
Peripheral vertigo occurs due to issues with the inner ear. It usually occurs due to head movement, and lasts just some minutes.
Particle repositioning movements
If you have BPPV, a series of head movements called the Epley maneuver may help relieve the symptoms. The movements aid in moving calcium carbonate crystals that are in your utricle back to your semicircular canals where they belong. The crystals that have escaped may dissolve or be absorbed into your body.
You can do the Epley maneuver at home, however it is important to have an audiologist or doctor show you how. A wrong method can cause your dizziness.
Another treatment option for BPPV is a procedure known as canalith repositioning techniques (CRP). It involves moving the particles responsible for your vertigo away from the semicircular canals containing fluids in your ear’s inner canal to a part of your ear that does not trigger dizziness. The procedure usually works after one or two treatments. It’s also possible to have a surgical procedure that involves the placement of a bone plug inside your inner ear. This procedure is typically used when other methods aren’t working.
Home balance exercises
Various home balance exercises can help improve vertigo symptoms, such as dizziness or instability. These exercises can involve eye movement control, marching in place, and other moves. Your healthcare provider will customize these exercises to meet your needs. Medicines can also be prescribed to help ease nausea or motion sickness.
You can try the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals inside the semicircular canals, if your vertigo is caused by BPPV. This can help reduce or the frequency of vertigo attacks. The maneuver involves reclining on the bed and then turning your head 90 degrees to one side (for instance, to the left). After 30 seconds, you must be seated on the opposite side of the table.
Vertigo can result from a variety of causes such as heart disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating underlying conditions typically cures vertigo. Other causes can be addressed by a treatment aimed at the symptom, such as medication for anxiety or nausea.
You can usually eliminate dizziness caused by benign vertigo by making a few simple movements. They involve rapid repositioning of your head. This technique is referred as Epley maneuvers or canalith repositioning. You can either learn how to do it yourself or have a physician show you. The otoconial aggregates are moved from the semicircular space to the utricular area and they are able to no longer cause vertigo in the position of a person.
Other treatments could be necessary depending on the root issue that is causing your symptoms. For instance, if have an ear condition that triggers BPPV Your doctor may prescribe a medicine to ease your symptoms. They may also recommend counseling or physical therapy.
If you are suffering from vertigo, it is essential to take the necessary precautions. For instance, take away any hazards that could cause tripping around your home. If symptoms begin to manifest you should lie down or sit down and not read or work until the symptoms are gone.
Treatment with surgery
The most common vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). It occurs when small calcium particles (canaliths) which are normally located in the utricle in your inner ear, get dislodged and end up in the semicircular cannulae. Dizziness can be caused by the shift of your head or a change in the body’s position. Canalith moves to reposition your body, such as the Epley maneuver, help shift the crystals back into the utricle. These are specific head movements that your doctor can perform in their clinic or show you how to do them at home.
Your doctor could also suggest tests to help identify the root cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The head’s structure and ears can be assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You could be prescribed a medication to lessen nausea and vomit.