What Is Vertigo In Medical Terms

Vertigo Treatment

Your doctor will ask questions regarding your symptoms, and when they occur. This will help determine what’s causing them. Your doctor will also conduct a physical exam, including tests for your hearing and balance.

Peripheral vertigo can be caused by problems with the ear’s inner. It is usually caused by head movement and lasts only a few moments.

Particle repositioning movements

The Epley maneuver is a series of head movements that help relieve BPPV symptoms. The movements assist in moving the calcium carbonate from the utricle into your semicircular canals where they belong. The crystals that have escaped may disintegrate or be absorbed by your body.

You can try the Epley maneuver at home, however, it is important to have an audiologist or doctor show you how to do it. Incorrectly performed techniques can make your dizziness worse.

CRP is another treatment for BPPV. It involves moving the particles responsible for your vertigo from the semicircular canals containing fluids in your ear’s inner canal to a region of your ear that doesn’t trigger dizziness. After a couple of treatments the procedure is generally successful. There is also a surgical procedure where a bone plug is placed inside your ear. This option is only used when other treatments are unsuccessful.

Home balance exercises

Different balance exercises at home can aid in improving vertigo symptoms, such as dizziness and instability. These exercises can involve eye movement control, marching in place and other maneuvers. Your doctor will customize the exercises to suit your particular needs. You may also be prescribed medication to treat nausea or motion sickness.

You can perform the Epley maneuver to help reposition calcium crystals in the semicircular canals, if your vertigo is due to BPPV. This could reduce or completely eliminate vertigo attacks. The technique involves lying on your back and bending your head 90° to one side, for example to the left. After 30 seconds, you must sit up on the opposite side of the table.

Vertigo can result from a variety of causes and vertigo can be caused by heart disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. In these cases, treating underlying conditions typically eliminates vertigo. For other reasons, treatment for the symptom might help, such as medication to alleviate anxiety or nausea.

Physical Therapy

If your dizziness is caused by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) It is possible to generally eliminate it with just a few moves. They involve rapid repositioning of your head. The technique is called canalith repositioning or Epley maneuvers. You are able to learn how to do it on your own or have your doctor show you. The procedure moves otoconial agglomerates out of the semicircular space and into the utricular area, where they can no longer cause positioning vertigo.

Other treatments may be needed depending on the root issue that’s causing the symptoms. If you have a condition in your ear that triggers BPPV your doctor could prescribe medication to relieve the symptoms. They may also recommend physical therapy or counseling.

It is essential to take the necessary precautions when you are suffering from vertigo by eliminating tripping hazards around your home. You should sit or lie down whenever symptoms arise and should not attempt to read or work until the symptoms go away.


The most commonly cited vertigo-related cause is benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV). It occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) are released from the utricle in your ear’s inner canal and enter one of the semicircular canals, which is where they shouldn’t be. The movement of your head or changes in your body’s posture can cause dizziness. Canalith Repositioning techniques, such as the Epley maneuver, assist in shifting crystals back to the utricle. These are specific head movements that your doctor can do in their office or teach you how to do it at home.

Your doctor might also suggest tests to help identify the cause of your vertigo. These may include electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG), which measure involuntary eye movements while you move your head and try to maintain a steady gaze. The structure of the head and ears can be assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Medications may be prescribed to help reduce nausea and vomiting.